Important nutritional principles in children aged two to eight years
Healthy eating in childhood is one of the concerns of parents for children. Nutritional care in children leads to the development of growth indicators, receiving healthy and nutritious food and creating beliefs and proper eating habits in childhood and adulthood; Adherence to the principles of nutrition in the child makes our loved ones more intelligent. In this article, we will discuss the important principles of nutrition for children.
Healthy nutrition in childhood
After the age of two, children can eat a wide variety of foods. They can eat with other family members, although certain foods need to be changed to prevent suffocation. But while they can eat adult food, young children have special nutritional needs apart from adult family members. These specific needs may not be fully clear to parents, but children are not small adults, so adult eating habits may not always be appropriate. The main difference between the needs of children and adults is that children’s bodies are still growing, so they need to have a diet rich in nutrients. What new tissue needs to be made is nothing: their diet must provide the raw materials for it. For example, protein is used to make new cells and plays a vital role in the body. And children need more calcium because minerals are needed to build developing bones. Other vitamins and minerals are more vital to children than adults because a deficiency can interfere with an important developmental process and cause long-term damage. Fortunately, toddlers are less sensitive to these problems than they were in the first two years because the rapid growth of the neonatal period is slower and slower. But providing a nutrient-rich diet will ultimately help make sure they become healthier adults. Another difference is that children need less food than adults, and sometimes even less than parents might think. As we said in the previous chapter, the diets of children and young people can know when they are hungry and how much they should eat. Parents often think differently and try to force their children to eat more with each trick, believing that they are not eating enough. Children who are able to eat whenever they are hungry and have no food restrictions almost always get enough calories to grow. Parents need to rely on their body’s ability to regulate their intake and encourage their children to stop eating when they are full. Parents can also be concerned about their children’s eating habits. A new study in Finland has compared the eating habits of a group of five-year-olds whose parents considered them undernourished to a control group they called normal. The researchers found that low-calorie foods were lower in calories than hot foods and higher in calories than snacks. But in the end, there was no real nutritional difference between the two groups. Although children eat less at one meal, they may need to eat more often, usually three small meals with a few snacks during the day. Because snacks have a large share in a child’s daily intake, they can be considered “small meals” and deserve the same nutritional attention that you give to the main meals. In other words, a snack is more than enough to keep your child full until dinner. It’s an opportunity to add some fruit, vegetables, protein, and other ingredients to a balanced diet.
Short stature due to nutritional problems
Short stature is more common in developing countries due to nutritional deficiencies than in other countries. Various factors affect height, including height, race, and overall community health. In the years after the victory of the Islamic Revolution, malnutrition and short stature have improved significantly compared to the early years of the Revolution, but have not yet been in good condition. Every parent needs to know what their child’s nutritional, health, and developmental conditions are. Parents are advised to ask their health care center for their child’s development curve. Of course, it is unfortunate to note that these centers, like the former, do not measure the height and weight of children on a regular and accurate basis, and the role of the Ministry of Health in overseeing the work of such centers should be emphasized. Health centers should also teach mothers what tricks to follow to achieve the right height and weight for their
babies. Balancing nutrition is very important, and it is from these curves that the child’s nutritional deficiencies can be addressed. Recognized and took complementary measures to improve his nutrition.