When considering the spread of viruses, such as the influenza virus or the coronavirus, and especially when faced with a shortage of masks and disinfectants in pharmacies, it is better to think of other ways to maintain personal health. Let’s go out of the house less and observe health tips. For example, we can provide a hand sanitizer at home. But do you know how to make an effective disinfectant? In this article, we are going to teach you how to make a hand sanitizer at home. Stay with us.
Efficacy of hand sanitizer
Alcohol-based disinfectants can reduce the number of germs on hand, But these solutions cannot kill any germs (for example, Clostridium difficile or norovirus, which causes inflammation of the bowel and stomach, diarrhea and vomiting). However, still, the best way to prevent coronavirus is to wash your hands with soap and water for at least twenty seconds. Also, if your hands are contaminated with dirt or oil, cleaning them with disinfectants is useless and must be washed with soap and water. But how can we keep our hands clean in places like public transportation that don’t have toilets? Or what about our children who are habitually touching their mouths? That’s why we often put a small bottle of disinfectant in the car, one in our bag and one in our children’s bag. But keep in mind, hand sanitizers must have at least %60 alcohol to kill germs; So be sure to read the ingredients carefully when buying this product. Because fewer hand sanitizers are found in pharmacies these days, we decided to write an article on how to make them at home. Below, we teach you how to make two types of hand sanitizer for adults and one type for children.
How to make a homemade hand sanitizer (for adults)
The first method
The main product you need for this disinfectant is isopropyl alcohol. Essential oils can be used to fragrance your hand sanitizer. We recommend using tea tree oil which has good antibacterial properties. You can also add herbal gelatin or aloe vera gel to keep your hands moist. However, we recommend using pure alcohol so that the minimum alcohol in your disinfectant solution is 60%.
- 1 cup isopropyl alcohol* 70%
- 6-10 drops tea tree oil (optional)
- Spritz bottle
Add all the ingredients to the bottle, close the bottle and shake well.
If alcohol has dried your hands, you should wait for all the alcohol to evaporate from your hands then add regular moisturizer.
- If you do not find isopropyl alcohol, do not use methanol alcohol because these two types of alcohol cannot be used interchangeably. Methanol is highly flammable and toxic.
- You should be careful when preparing a hand sanitizer because alcohol is flammable.
- It is advisable to remove aloe vera or glycerin from the solution, as they reduce the amount of alcohol in the solution to below 60%.
- Be sure to keep any alcohol-disinfecting hand gel out of the reach of children.
The second method
This type of disinfectant may be more similar to products available in the market. We recommend that you do not use this solution for children.
- 1 TBSP rubbing alcohol
- 1/2 tsp vegetable glycerin (optional)
- 1/4 cup aloe vera gel
- 10 drops cinnamon essential oil
- 10 drops tea tree essential oil
- distilled water (colloidal silver/ionic silver adds antibacterial power if available)
- other essential oils (just for scent)
Mix aloe vera gel, glycerin and rubbing alcohol in a bowl first. Add cinnamon, tea tree oil, and other essential oils to the solution. Lemon essential oil, oranges, lavender, and peppermint are good options. Mix these ingredients well, then add distilled water or colloidal silver to dilute your solution. Add the solution to a spray bottle or any pump bottle using a small hopper.
- Be sure to consult a physician for essential oils, especially when using children or for any specific illness.
- Using aloe vera natural gel is not a good option and it is best to get it from outside.
How to make a homemade hand sanitizer (for children)
Herbal ingredients are used to make children’s hand sanitizer. Because alcohol dries their hands and if used too much, it can even damage their skin. This solution is very easy to make and you can ask your children to help you make it. You can add the ingredients to the solution bottle and do not use the bowl to mix them.
- ¼ cup aloe vera gel
- 20 drops germ destroyer essential oil
Making a hand sanitizer for children is very simple: just mix the ingredients above and keep them in a silicone bottle.
How to use a hand sanitizer
Apply the recommended amount of hand sanitizer (one coin the size) to the palm of your hand. Rub hands together. The disinfectant must reach between the fingers and under the nails. Keep doing this or wait for the disinfectant to dry until your hands are well dry. Avoid drying the solution with a napkin.
Which is Better: Wipes or Disinfectant?
Dr. Kalisvar Marimuthu, senior consultant for communicable diseases at the US National Center for Communicable Diseases, says: « Wipes are good for cleaning surfaces, not for disinfecting hands. A study done by a virologist at Queen’s University in Maryland shows that wipes spread more of them than kill germs. Wipes are useful if they contain at least ٪40 alcohol.»
Of course, the best option is to wash your hands with soap and water. Disinfectants are only appropriate if you do not have access to soap and water.
The Benefits of Homemade Hand Sanitizer
Market disinfectants often contain high levels of alcohol that are not suitable for children. Homemade solutions are especially suitable for children. Be sure to choose essential oils that are suitable for children.
In this article, we tried to teach you how to make three types of home disinfectants. But again, it’s no better than washing your hands with soap and water. Be sure to wash your hands with soap and water, and if you are in a situation where you do not have access to soap and water, homemade hand sanitizer is a good option. If this article was helpful to you, be sure to share it with your friends so we can get through these critical days together. Also, if you have expertise in this area, share your experiences and knowledge with us to improve this article.