What is Coronavirus? Corona Symptoms and Prevention of this Fatal Virus

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The coronavirus, which falls into the category of viruses, damages the respiratory system of mammals, including humans. This type of virus is associated with the common cold, pneumonia and severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and can even infect the human intestine.
The Coronavirus was first isolated from infectious bronchitis virus in chickens in 1937 and was able to completely destroy the stockpile of birds and poultry. Over the past 70 years, and based on research done by scientists in this field, they have concluded that the coronavirus infects bats, snakes, mice, rats, dogs, cats, turkeys, horses, pigs, and cows.
This article, published by the MTN Information Center, provides information on the types of human coronaviruses, the symptoms that they display, and how they are transmitted to others. In addition, two dangerous diseases seen as a result of human coronavirus infection will also be examined. These two diseases are known as SARS and MERS.

Coronavirus general information

  • There is no cure for this virus.
  • The coronavirus has been implicated in both SARS and MERS.
  • The coronavirus infects many species of animals.
  • So far six types of human coronavirus have been identified.

What is a Corona Virus?

The human type of coronavirus {HCoV} was first discovered in the 1960s in the nose of a person with a common cold. The two human strains of coronavirus, known as OC43 and 229E, are responsible for many of the common colds in humans. The crown-like protrusions seen on the surface of the virus have led to it being named Corona.

If we look at the prevalence of the virus among humans, we find that most of the infection caused by the virus is during the winter months and early spring. It is no surprise that humans get cold in the winter and deal with it for another four months after recovery. This is because coronavirus antibodies cannot survive for long. In addition, one strain of Coronavirus antibodies may be useless against other strains.

Signs and Symptoms of Corona Virus

After the human body becomes infected with the coronavirus, the symptoms that it encounters for almost two to four days create a condition, such as a cold or the flu. 

Symptoms of the virus include:

  • Sneeze
  • runny nose
  • Fatigue and lethargy
  • Cough
  • Fever (In very few cases)
  • Itchy throat
  • Exacerbated asthma

Human coronavirus cannot be easily cultured in the laboratory environment, unlike the rhinovirus, which is another common cause of colds. This has made it difficult to measure the impact of the Coronavirus on international economics and public health.

There is no way to cure a coronavirus, so the only way to get treatment is to take care of yourself and take some prescription drugs. These types of medications and care tips you should consider include:

  • Take a break and don’t put too much pressure on yourself.
  • Drink plenty of water.
  • Quit smoking and do not stay in contaminated areas.
  • You can use acetaminophen, ibuprofen or naproxen tablets to relieve pain and fever.
  • Install an air purifier at home.

Coronavirus types

Depending on the severity of the disease that affects humans and the distance they can spread and infect, there are various types of human coronavirus. 

Currently, there are six strains of coronavirus that infect humans.

The most common examples of Coronavirus included: 

  • 229E {Corona Virus Alpha}
  • NL63 {Corona Virus Alpha}
  • OC43 {Corona virus beta}
  • HKU1 {Corona Beta}

In addition, the most dangerous type of coronavirus that can infect humans is MERS-CoV, which results in a human being infected with Middle Eastern Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) and Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS-CoV). SARS-CoV is a type of coronavirus that is responsible for SARS.

How to Transmit a Coronavirus

To date, much research has not been done on how to spread the virus and how it can be transmitted from person to person. However, it is believed that the virus is transmitted to another person only through particles in the respiratory tract and infects it.

The Coronavirus is transmitted to another person in the following ways :

  • If a person does not block his mouth during coughing and sneezing, tiny droplets enter the air and the virus spreads out into space.
  • Touching and shaking with the affected person and then touching your nose, eyes or mouth.
  • In very rare cases, the virus can spread from person to person if it comes into contact with the stool.

Citizens of the United States are most at risk for the virus in the fall or winter. The virus is still active throughout the seasons. Unfortunately, young people are exposed to coronavirus more than others, and people have been exposed to more than one virus throughout their lives. To avoid the virus, stay home and rest all day and never interact with other people. When coughing and sneezing, cover your mouth and nose with a handkerchief or mask because otherwise, you have provided the background for the virus transmission. Be careful not to reuse used napkins and regularly disinfect your home.


A serious and contagious disease in which SARS-CoV coronavirus is involved is an acute respiratory syndrome (SARS). As the disease progresses, the person develops a pneumonia that is very dangerous and fatal. The virus first started in South China’s Guangdong province in November 2002 and eventually reached Hong Kong. Since then, the virus has spread rapidly to all countries, infecting citizens in 37 countries. The SARS-CoV virus is a very specific virus. When it enters the human body, it infects the upper and lower ducts of the respiratory tract and causes gastroenteritis (in this dangerous disease, the intestine, and the abdomen swell).

After a period of seven days, they show their symptoms and show their fever. When the disease is in its early stages, fever-like symptoms are seen in the patient. These symptoms include:

  • Dry cough
  • Feeling cold
  • Diarrhea
  • Shortness of breath
  • Pain

Pneumonia, a very dangerous type of lung infection, is also seen later in the patient. When SARS has progressed enough, it can cause lung, heart or liver failure. While people were suffering from SARS, 8098 people were infected and 774 people died. That’s 9.6 percent of the death rate. The problems and illnesses that SARS causes are affecting most adults and more than half of infected people over 65 years of age, all of whom died. Finally, in July 2003, researchers and scientists found out how to control the virus.


In MERS disease, coronavirus type MERS-CoV is involved, first seen in 2012. 

This dangerous respiratory illness first started in Saudi Arabia and then spread to other countries around the world. The virus also reached the United States, and the largest fatality occurred in South Korea in 2015.

Symptoms of MERS disease include fever, shortness of breath and coughing. The virus is transmitted through communication with people infected with the virus. It should be noted, however, that most of those infected with the virus had traveled from Arabian countries to the other countries. Of those infected with the virus, between 30 and 40 percent die.

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