Eating disorder and its complications

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What is an Eating Disorder?

Eating disorder is a condition that leads one to overeat, starving himself or other unhealthy eating behaviors related to food and body weight. These disorders – overeating, anorexia nervosa, bulimia – are not simply bad habits. These disorders interfere with daily life and not treating them poses serious health problems.
Doctors who treat eating disorders usually talk about a law. Without treatment, one-third of those who suffer from eating disorders are treated, one-third of them are constantly coping with the problem throughout their lives, and one-third die of the problem.

What is binge eating disorder?

The disease is characterized by severe overheating and is one of the most common eating disorders. People with this disorder are usually overweight or obese. Binge Eating Disorder can occur at any age, but the most common time is in middle age. It puts one at risk for type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, and heart disease.

Why are overweight people at increased risk for eating disorders?

Because we live in a society that has turned fat into something terrible. Having fat in the body is seen as a moral weakness and not accepted by people. Obese people are subject to ridicule by society and are a target for discrimination. No wonder many of these people try every way to lose weight, even if it is a way of getting involved in bad eating habits that endanger their health. This does not mean that eating disorders are the first way for obese people to lose weight. Most of the time a person starts with a healthy diet and gradually goes into an eating disorder. Even though erratic diets are one of the major contributors to the increased risk of eating disorders, obese people are still being told to take a diet!
Shouldn’t it be time for us to put away unnecessary prescriptions for obese people? Divide food into good and bad, very restrictive diets, deprive yourself of a food group, it’s all wrong. The tendency for these is the symptoms of an eating disorder.

How do studies confirm the eating disorder in obese people?

In a study, researchers tested 9713 students from 12 different universities and found that body weight was one of the most important predictors of symptoms of the eating disorder. Students whose BMI showed overweight were at the highest risk. People who seek treatment for an eating disorder usually have a history of weight gain.
In a 2015 study, researchers tested people seeking treatment for severe eating disorders such as anorexia nervosa (anorexia) and found that over 36% of these patients had a BMI above 85. Worryingly, the symptoms in these people usually remain undiagnosed until the disease reaches its more severe stages. Unfortunately, symptoms of an eating disorder in people who are overweight or obese are not only diagnosed but also medically encouraged to lose weight because they lose significant weight.

Does Eating Disorder Change Sense of taste?

Research has shown that eating disorders can change the sense of taste. A few years ago, researchers found that those who are extremely obese may feel less sweaty because of differences in taste receptors, Therefore, more sweet foods are eaten to compensate for this problem. In addition to altering taste receptors, the brains of those with eating disorders may also process tastes differently.
Researchers found that women with anorexia nervosa and obese women process sweet flavors differently. While anorexia nervosa women are more sensitive to sweets and flavors, obese women feel less them. It is unclear whether the eating disorder alters sensory receptors or those who are sensitive to the disorder develop these changes in taste sensation. Researchers say they will help change the sense of taste in the future to treat eating disorders.

Why is it so difficult to treat an eating disorder?

Eating disorder changes the chemicals of the brain in different ways. The proper treatment for this disease is to bring the brain chemicals back to pre-disturbance, which is certainly difficult.

Researchers have shown that eating disorders can:

  • Disrupt several nerve chemicals that transmit signals from one nerve to another, As a result, patterns of thought and behavior change.
  • It causes structural changes and abnormal activity in the brain. Especially if the patient has anorexia and does not get enough nutrients.
  • Decreased heart rate can potentially cause oxygen deficiency in the brain.
  • It changes the way the brain responds to rewards.
  • It shrinks the overall size of the brain
  • It has a detrimental effect on the emotional center of the brain, which can lead to depression, irritability and a feeling of loneliness.
  • It causes mental disorders, including problems in choosing, changing tasks, and priorities.

Symptoms of binge eating disorder

Many of us sometimes overeat, the eating disorder is different. People with this disorder lose control when overeating. For this reason, those who overeat eat faster than they normally do. These people may overeat enough to be annoying or overeat when they are not hungry at all. People who have this problem may have overeating when they feel stressed, tired, and depressed.

Feel guilty

Feeling guilty, embarrassed, or depressed after overeating is a familiar feeling for those with an eating disorder. These emotions create a false cycle for the individual. This emotional distress drives the person back to overeating. The feeling of shame and guilt in people with binge eating disorder may cause them to do so secretly, making it difficult to diagnose the disease.

Weight change

It is not strange for a person with binge eating disorder To suffer weight fluctuations, Because the person in the overeating, trying to diet. As long as one is under the control of binge eating disorder, their diet and weight loss efforts will not continue.

Diagnosis of binge eating disorder

Many people with eating disorders hide this even from their closest family members. So it’s a little hard to diagnose this disorder. One indication is that a person has a history of overeating, for example, twice a week for six months. The diagnosis is made by a clinical examination and discussion of eating patterns, medical history, and family history.

Treatment of binge eating disorder

Successful treatment can be a combination of several methods. Talking to a Therapist – Cognitive Behavioral Therapy – can help change bad habits and behavior patterns. Nutrition education and family counseling can also help cure this disorder. Weight loss programs also help control overweight. If you have depression, your doctor may prescribe medication.

What is Nervous eating disorder or Bulimia?

Overeating and then vomiting are the main symptoms of bulimia. Anyone of any age can develop bulimia, with 85% to 90% of those with bulimia being women. The disorder usually occurs in youth or adolescence.

Factors that can affect this disorder include:

  • Stressful events in life
  • Biology
  • Culture and habits in a family
  • Social pressures to lose weight

The good news is that bulimia is not a permanent disorder and stops with treatment.

Symptoms of bulimia

Overeating and vomiting

An eating-disordered person eats a lot of food at high speed and then vomits whatever he or she has eaten to make up for the mistake. Eating laxatives or exercising vigorously are other things that such people do. Overeating and vomiting may occur several times a week or even several times a day. People who suffer from this disorder say they lose control when they overeat. Because of the shame of this, they make it a secret.

Obsessed with body weight

Those with bulimia disorder, unlike those with anorexia, Usually have a constant weight Or maybe they are a little overweight. But they are deeply afraid of weight gain. Those with the disorder may feel terribly obese, although they may have a normal weight. This is called misconception about the body. The desire to lose weight may also drive these people to take Slimming Drugs.


Bulimia goes beyond having trouble with food. For many people, overeating and vomiting cycle are a way to control their negative emotions. Depression, anxiety, and drug use are common in those with bulimia. These people are usually emotional and Irritable that can also be separated from their family and friends.

Other symptoms

Chronic sore throat, Swollen neck salivary glands, Stomach burning, Constipation, and other digestive problems, Irregular menstrual periods, Unbalanced blood minerals (electrolytes) that cause electrolyte imbalance can lead to heart problems.

Diagnosis of bulimia

To diagnose bulimia, your doctor will ask you questions about your history of binge eating and vomiting. Many people deny and conceal this behavior, which makes the diagnosis and treatment process difficult. If you have this problem or have doubts about a family member or friend, talk to your doctor. The quicker the treatment, the better the disorder and recovery.

Treatment of bulimia

Bulimia treatment will be successful when a combination of treatments is given to the individual. Nutrition counseling and treatment helps one to replace healthy habits with wrong habits and to build a healthier and better relationship with food and eating. Research has shown that antidepressants break the cycle of overeating and vomiting and prevent it from recurring. If your friends are suffering from eating disorders, do not hesitate to talk to them. If you think you can’t make that person change, at least let them know that you are their supporter and that his or her health is important to you.

What is anorexia nervosa (Anorexia)

People with anorexia nervosa are abnormally afraid of weight gain, which can lead to weight loss. This disorder is more common among girls and women, but boys and men can also develop it. This disorder occurs after a change in life such as a bitter accident or the desire to excel in sports such as gymnastics or running. Anorexia is a serious and dangerous disorder but it can be improved with care and treatment.

Symptoms of anorexia nervosa

  • Fast weight loss

People with this disorder lose a lot of weight by eating less. They may even be forced to do vigorous exercise or to eat slimming pills. Eating diuretics pills or laxatives are other unhealthy strategies that such people take. Such people continue to lose weight despite feeling weak and hungry. They hide their completely bony bodies by wearing loose clothes.

  • Obsession with food

In this type of disorder, eating becomes obsessive. He carefully selects the foods he eats. He constantly accounts for calories and weighs the food he eats. Those with this disorder may even just play with food on their plate and never eat it.

  • Misconception of body

Because the patient’s anorexia nervosa becomes very thin, she still finds herself obese. They are often very sensitive to themselves. Anorexia nervosa is part of the perfectionism in these people. But the move to perfection can sometimes get out of hand and lead to unhealthy and dangerous behaviors that even endanger one’s life.

  • Other symptoms

Physical symptoms of anorexia nervosa may include:

Brittle hair and nails, Thin hair growth throughout the body, Sensitivity to cold, Constipation, Menstrual loss

These symptoms can lead to anemia, thinning of the bones, damage to the heart, loss of organs and eventually death.

Diagnosis of anorexia nervosa

Because anorexia nervosa endangers one’s life. It is very important to diagnose it quickly. In general, anorexia nervosa can be fully diagnosed when a person is 85% less than their normal weight. If a person responds to weight gain with fear or has a misconception about his or her body, the physician should first test it before confirming anorexia and make sure it has no other disease.

The risk of suicide

People with anorexia nervosa may get depressed, anxious, or trying to use drugs, or they may even think of committing suicide. If you have suicidal thoughts or are worried about a particular person who is at risk of such thoughts, do not wait for a moment and call a psychologist or specialist. Symptoms of suicide risk include talking about death and suicide, separation from family and friends, and engaging in high-risk behaviors.

Treatment of Anorexia

  • Hospitalization

Hospitalization is essential for those who have serious physical problems, being serious Slim, as well as those who may injure themselves. 

Hospitalization usually does not take long; the rest of the treatment is done on an outpatient basis. The patient usually visits the doctor for days to be examined and spends the night at home.

  • Psychotherapy

The treatment of anorexia nervosa has three goals:

  1. Restore health weight to the individual
  2. Physical Injury Treatment
  3. Reduce unhealthy thoughts and behaviors that can make the disorder recur.

Family therapy is one of these types of treatments that are performed with the help of parents and family members to help the individual, under the supervision of a specialist. Anorexia treatment is more difficult to treat in adults. It may require some combination of treatments. In any treatment, the key is nutrition.

  • Medicine

They usually prescribe antidepressants and other similar medicines to treat the morbidity of those involved in the disorder. The results are different. Some are better at prescribing such drugs, while others may not have a particular effect. Experts believe the combination of drug therapy and psychotherapy is better than just one treatment.

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